Friday, 14 December 2012

Most Troubling Facts about Ethiopia

During the last two decades, Ethiopia for sure witnessed improvements in some fronts. Basic infrastructure such as hydroelectric dams, roads, education and health institutions, and catering businesses are significantly expanded. Particularly important are the efforts made to make schools and universities accessible to a huge number of students that is found to be higher even by international standards. In fact, Ethiopia is among the few countries in the world that achieved the highest expansion of of the education sector. This and other signs of improvements must be duly acknowledged and commended.

 In this paper, I however wanted to expound on those challenges and problems that seem to ‘check’ the very future existence and prosperity of the country. Originally, I planned to write about another topic which was related to life and living in Addis and Oslo. Having read a gruesome story from a paper about how two Ethiopians fought each other to death in the Middle East, I started thinking about how and when our problems would be solved. I then decided to write on some of the most troubling facts about Ethiopians. I do this out of sheer concern and believe that discussions like this would bring awareness and then possible change. 

Everyone can enlist several problems but to me, the following six are the most serious of all. If they are not dealt with soon by the government and the general public, the country would suffer from further stagnation and regression at best.

Exodus of Ethiopians

Mind boggling is the stable exodus of Ethiopians to foreign lands. There is no official statistics on this but it is estimated too high that we find Ethiopians in nearly all countries of the world, from New Zealand to the Scandinavian points, from Argentina to Canadian provinces, and from South Africa to the Mid and Far East. The highly educated never return to their home following their completion of studies, workshops, seminars, and/or conferences. University professors and medical doctors, who are educated at high cost, are ‘grooming’ Western institutions. Their home institutions are being run by inexperienced and inadequately educated people. 

Particularly mind blowing is the unimaginable horrors Ethiopians are forced to face in Africa and the Middle East. How many innocent Ethiopians died in the Sahara and Sinai Deserts? How many of them found themselves in the underworlds of the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea? How many are killed by their employers in the Middle East? How many turned physically, mentally, psychologically, and morally disabled due to the unspeakable Arab abuses? How many Ethiopian citizens are leaving the country for a whole set of reasons for other assumed to be better places? Neither the government nor any other agency knows the magnitude for sure. One could say that Ethiopia appears a byword for poverty, famine and now migration. This highly compromises the potential and capacity of the nation to live up to the standards and expectations of the 21st Century. Who is to be held accountable for the exodus? For sure, the government must be the first if not the only one.    

Accountability and Transparency

The government in Ethiopia has all the structures and ‘gaits’ of a fully functioning modern system. The polices and laws formulated usually appear responsive to contemporary developments in society. But then comes the problem of making all the decision making transparent and participatory. The public is not adequately being informed about all major developments taking place at Arat Killo- the seat of government. If effort is made to communicate certain issues, it is inadequate, exaggerated, and/or contrary to the truth. For instance, following the Ethio-Eritrea non-sensical war, the then Foreign Minister the now Ethiopian Ambassador to China, Seyoum Mesfin, gave a televised speech, where he in absolute clarity and inconfidence told the public that the most controversial territory, Badme, was recognized by the UN to be part of Ethiopia. I recall how exhilarated the public was. But the truth was nearly the opposite.

Similarly, we as citizens are denied of our rights to know the truth related to several matters. We do not know our precise borders with our neighbors. We do not know how/why our late premier died ‘instantly’. We do not know how much power is vested on the new premier- HaileMariam Dessalegn. We do not know how many Ethiopians are benefiting from the double-digit economic growth the government reports every year. We do not know why we happen to have three Deputy Premiers contrary to what the constitution allows. We do not know why the so-called anti-terrorism law is given a much higher esteem than the constitution itself. 

To me, there is nothing more troubling than having a government which is nontransparent and unaccountable to its decisions and policies. The government must be the first entity to exercise in absolute clarity and consistency the rule of law. This way, it can bring and sustain functional political literacy among the masses.  

Political Literacy

Millions of Ethiopians are technically speaking literate; they can write and read. When it comes to political consciousness, the majority seems 'extremist'. This particularly concerns those who claim that they are participating in politics. To EPRDF members and sympathizers, for instance, the Ethiopian Diaspora are groups of frustrated, egoistic, uncompromising, and cold-blooded personalities. To them, there is no any better way of governance other than theirs. They consider and seem to believe that only their party is a natural leader. To justify their dominance and sustained rule, they resort to explain the nearly two-decade long wars they wagged against the Dergue. To them, non-EPRDF members and supporters do not worry about Ethiopia’s well-being. Consequently, they require all public employees to be EPRDF members. To many Diaspora, on the other hand, entering into discourse with EPRDF members and supporters is just unthinkable. Accordingly, all government-affiliated people are egoistic, corrupt, ignorant, and abusers.

How could one say that these and other manifestations of political life are genuine, functional, and/or healthy? Both sides, the governing party and the opposition including the Diaspora seem to be infested with an incurable political virus called ‘only my perspective’. The media are nothing but institutions that perpetuate this polarized view of politics and Ethiopia.

Media Culture

Equally ‘sick’ are our media. The national television and radio organizations are ‘megaphones’ of the ruling party. I would not complain had our media reported true accounts of the deeds of the government. They disturbingly fabricate, exaggerate, falsify, and/or overlook reality which stands naked before public eyes. According to ETV, there is a country called Ethiopia where: annual economic growth hits double digits, the rule of law and democracy reign, the media are entirely free, and big companies from abroad are attracted. And worse is that we are having non-government media (such as radios, newspapers, websites, and television talk shows) that embarrassingly mimic the whims and styles of government-owned media. On the other hand, ‘independent’ media such as radios, newspapers and magazines ‘own’ the other side of the coin. To them, commending the government for its investment in basic infrastructure is equal to treason. All what comes from the ruling party is unjustly criticized, dismissed, and politicized. In a way, both pro-government and opposition media report reality in incommensurable ways. They hold and champion mutually exclusive paradigms, which in the end confuse and frustrate the public.

Quality Education

Ethiopia joins the countries which achieved the highest expansion of education services. It has now over 30 public universities and over a 100 private higher education institutions. Still, the enrollment rate is below the Sub-Saharan average. Schools are built in nearly every village. All these are great efforts which must be commended. But then comes the issue of quality. How quality is our education? Yes, ‘quality education’ is defined differently by different stakeholders. There seems however a general take that students must be functionally literate- they must use the skills and knowledge they acquire from schools to tackle life’s enduring problems. Or in lay terms, a university graduate must solve problems given to him by his employer. 

It has been a public discourse that Ethiopian university graduates ended up being unemployed or under employed. Some accepted jobs that are unrelated to their training such as cutting stones. Several are reportedly homeless and made streets their homes. This has been confirmed by a study conducted by the Addis Ababa Administration. Even those who are employed according to their trainings appear incompetent. Those university graduates with apparently good grades apply for further education in European universities, which make their admission decisions mainly based on grades. There are unfortunately bad signs now that some Western institutions appear to question the quality of Ethiopian students and hence they are silently and systematically reducing the number of Ethiopians joining their institutions. Shortly, there are ample signs which attest to the poor quality of education being offered in Ethiopia. The government also understands the problem but seems not interested in investing on quality- e.g. it must be a natural decision to strengthen existing universities rather than opening new ones. If the education system is suffocated, all the other sectors will be suffocated. And suffocated systems are corrupts, inefficient, ineffective, change phobic, and.prone to extinction.

Scramble for Southern Ethiopia

A lot has already been written about this. That foreign investors are scrambling the virgin lands of Ethiopia South of Addis Ababa. There is no problem in attracting foreign capital as such. The problem begins when 1) investors are given thousands and thousands of hectares of fertile land in nearly no price, 2) their produces are not made available to local markets, 3) issues related to land degradation and environmental pollution are not adequately monitored, 4) forests are uncontrollably cleared for agriculture, 5) local residents are displaced without full consent and compensation, and 6) foreign investors receive loans from Ethiopian banks to start their businesses. Several foreign media already disclosed how Indian investors got huge pieces of lands with minimal prices and with contracts that last for nearly a century.  These must be worrisome news for all concerned Ethiopians.  


  1. Dear Teklu!
    Thanks for the paper. But you are from Oslo. Just like the rest of us you are part of the problem. It would give sense if you had been living in Ethiopia.
    Everyone of us knew the problem, but no one wants to go back home and contribute to solve our country problem. Sorry to sound angry but that is the fact.

  2. Selam wondim Teklu,
    Thank you very much for the article.
    One observation, however, you did talk about media services and you fairly did comparison between those that belong to the government that lie day-in day-out and the private media that also do the same. You gave a piece evidence that probably
    supports your claim against the govt-owned media but not against the opposite side. For now, I know ESAT is on the go and well reps the privately owned media. My thinking is that ESAT is very reliable and supports its reports by directly contacting the victims. I believe there is no theatring here. Your thoughts?
    Also you seem to have not understood that it is part of the governments strategy either to maim, kill or drive away any possible opposer. The fact that many educated people are evacuating the country is the very thing that the government is doing to strengthen its grip. The are likely to last longer when they live with those who cannot challenge them politically.

    I also wonder why anyone aspires to talk to the government. Do you feel that you can be heard? Surely, I want you to understand that you are speaking to someone who has a blue-print to enjoy sleeping. "awqo yetegna tenes bilut aynesam!" Please do not miss the point that this government has made it clear from time to time, its intentions are to destroy the nation. We have the worst enemy of the country installed.

    Again thank you very much!

  3. Great post. I don blindly support and blindly oppose. That’s why I liked this article. Specially the media and the quality of education part.

  4. Reasonable report!!!

  5. Sir,I read your article today and wanted to thank you for the information you presented.My name is Teferi Tiku-Adane and I am an Ethiopian American that reside in The US. The facts that you listed in your article are most troubling. So my question to you is what is the best way to start working to solve these problems? The first step as you have said is to start talking about these troubling problems and admitting that we have these problems.Now,that you and I accept that we have these problems what kind of solutions can we find?Is there any organized effort that I can join that you recommend? I am just one individual that cares about my birth country I left 33 years ago. I am not a member of any political or non political Ethiopian organization .I tend to vote for The Republican Party here in The US,but that is another topic. Hope to hear from you soon.May this holiday season bring joy to you and your loved ones.

  6. You gave these Hoddams weyannes some thing to chew during Christmas . They used to sing we are the childeren every christmas and beg the world for food. What happen to all parasites charities who used to show naked body of Ethiopian childeren so that they can collect their annual income from their respectiv govt.? You are going to have a few comments from these chiggaram weyannes who grow up with left over oxfam, USAIDS and red cross foods. Some of them like the starving AGAZI BIMBI,ASH,EXTRABEGGER and of course Addis Zerfafa.

  7. Really unbiased post.

  8. Teklu Abate pics and chose the types of good news and bad news -symptoms and see some good in this regime behavior and bad in appear or to be more intellectual by employing the method of “FAIR AND BALNCE” argument..the result of which ends up like that of the REPORTER ..SEE THE PROBLEM IN THE HUMAN BEHAVIOR OR GUILIT APPROPRATION BY “FAIR AND BALNCE” DISTRIBUTION TO BOTH THE VICTM AND VICTMIZER THEIR FAIR SHARE OF BLAME IN BALANCED WAY AS THE APPROPRITATE PRICE OF “PEACE”.
    Teklu abate penned good argument for the apologetic class of the Ethiopian elites..he will get his share of admirers for sure but wrong headed diagnosis end up giving wrong prescription to ease or treat the ills of the body politics.

  9. Mr. Teklu Abate,
    Like you wrote EPRDF/TPLF troubling facts, we want you to write about Interesting & Developing facts of Opposition Groups, Parties, the True Ethiopian Diasporas who are fighting the non Ethiopian EPRDF/TPLF group.
    We heard that the true Ethiopian Diasporas together with US Congress, Senate, UN, other Democratic Countries,……. are working for freedom of the people of Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda dictatorial regimes like Paul Kagame & Moseveny.
    We are proud of true Ethiopia Americans like Professor Alemayehu G/Mariam, Prof. Messay Kebede, Dr. Jawar Mohammed media frenzy.

  10. I do not know of any government on the planet that is willingly accountable. A democratic system with its party independent institutions is what enforces accountability and empowers the people. Elections must be free and fair irrespective of what we think of eprdf or the opposition. Free press is not a luxury but a must! It appears in ethiopia that only eprdf understood the significance of free press; eprdf it does everything it can to stop free press and enjoy its impunity.

  11. Way to go Teklu. There is so much raw interpretation for what is going on in Ethiopia now. The core of the extreme views of the Ethiopian situation from the opposing sides is shaped by the polarization created after the fall of the Derg. It starts from politicizing the otherwise constructive endeavor that could have been contributed by both sides to move the country ahead without the unnecessary squabbles. You could have mentioned about the pros and cons of the kililization process to have a more complete picture of the situation in Ethiopia. We need more contributers like you. Thanks.

  12. Well organized real facts. I have great respect for the reporter(the person).

  13. I always enjoy your well written articles .Keep it up.What I want to point out to you is on your blog if the word "Abyss" stands for Abyssinia you should remove/change that name.Because according to historical facts this name was given to Ethiopia by the Italian colonizers for the word "Habesh" of the Arabic which doesn't basically describe Ethiopia and Ethiopians and in fact is derogatory.In fact in 1954? the then Ethiopian government has officially asked the league of nations not to be referred like that and has passed circulars to its embassies and consular offices all over the world.I wish all our people in the diaspora and at home quit using the words "habesha" and its derivative "abyssinia".Thank you vey much.

    1. Hi! Many thanks for your complement.

      I chose "Abyss" as name of my blog for two reasons:
      1) "Abyssinia" has its root in the first batch of Israelitis who came to Ethiopia. One of them was called Abyss and later the country we know today, Ethiopia, started to be called Abyssinia. You could challenge this but with evidence, to which I may attend to.

      2) "Abyss" as you may know means an immeasurably deep space. This blog is an incredible space, whose 'depth' is immeasurable, where I and anybody else could post and read any worthwhile topic. It's a great space for virtual communication and understanding. Hope you like this rationale, at least.

      As I indicated above and to my best knowledge, "Abyss" was not created by the Italians. Show me if you have the historical sources that support your conclusion.

      Thanks again!

  14. Dear Teklu,
    Good job!. Keep it up! For those interested to do their part I recommend contact Solidarity movment for New Ethiopia.

  15. Dear Dr. Teklu,

    I read your commentary and I liked it very much. I am writing simply to forward my complements to you!

    I am currently in Ethiopia. You may be aware that ESATcurrently broadcasts TV programs in Ethiopia. Many people tuned their dish to follow their TV programs in the last 1-2 months. But the people are now considering them as the other side of the government. ESAT killed its golden opportunity to be an alternative media outlet due to what you considered "illiteracy in politics"



  16. If there is any student who can afford tuition and instructional fees besides accommodation fees, nowadays, please let me know so that student can easily access to learn wherever s/he likes, specifically at University of Alberta, Canada. I believe that this is a reality answer for your locational preferences and for your claim of systematic selection.I am not referring to Harvard University and like that of other higher institutions.

  17. Hello Teklu ASbate,
    Here is my comments on your article and I hope we will have a constructive dialogue for the sake of our country.

    The exodus of Ethiopians is mainly due to poverty, which is our number one enemy. Legislation and border closing does not stop migration of people if they don’t have a means of survival. They will be forced to migrate to places where they could find job or business opportunities. Professionals also choose to stay in other countries where they are paid a large sum of money because of higher standard of those countries. Ethiopia cannot stop sending students or professionals to wealthy countries because they may not return upon completion of their studies. The only remedy is to elevate the standard of living of our people by getting rid of poverty, creating wealth and jobs through investment efforts. These steps are being taken by our government in a greater measure and our country has demonstrated a double digit growth for the last nine years and a successive reduction in poverty compared to previous base figures. However, the problem is still monumental and the governmental has given priority to tackle this challenge in every front. As a result, it is envisioned that our country will become a middle income country in 2025. All of us who live inside and outside Ethiopia are responsible to participate in the renaissance of Ethiopia. We cannot expect Ethiopia to be at the level of Scandinavian country while we are criticizing our government as bystanders. Government has crafted investor friendly policy and beckoning upon all Ethiopian Diaspora, people of Ethiopian origin and foreigners to come and invest in Ethiopia in various sectors of economy. Then our country will become a destination of immigrants from other countries. We see Chinese, Indians and Turkey taking opportunity in the investment ventures. However, as citizens we have responsibility to take a lead and serve as ambassadors to attract investors to our country. Instead of tackling our age-old poverty problem which resulted in human flight, we are advocating chaos and war upon our poor country to derail its development efforts and working our butt-out to blackmail our country to spoil its good image and diplomatic relations internationally.

  18. 2. Your second point is on accountability and transparency. As you stated there are some problems on this score in our government as it can also be seen in any other governments in the world according to the annual report of Transparency International, the global coalition against corruption. Our government trying its level best to show accountability and transparency by fighting against corruption through its counter corruption laws. But it is not always perfect and some mistakes could be done unintentionally. You have to understand the fact that we accepted the concept of democracy in principle and crafted the constitution accordingly, but its implementation is a work-in-progress due to many barriers such as terrorism, some secessionist ethnic groups, and destabilizing neighbour such as Eritrea and our age-old enemy such as Egypt and opposition parties who are aided and abetted by our enemies. As a result, the government is duty bound to amend and enunciate some legislation to curb and punish these elements and their illegal activities which reverse our democratic gains and derail our development efforts. Anti-terrorism law may not be necessary if terrorism was not rampant in Ethiopia in the pretext of NGO, Charities, Religious institutions and political parties, all of which were protected by virtue of our constitution. Anti-terrorism law was put in place to safeguard and protect the interest of country and its people. The same is true in USA when it put in place Home Land Security Act after September 11, 2001. America uses wire tapping, eavesdropping and many sophisticated technologies to catch terrorists and many citizens complained of erosion of their privacy and civil liberties. But, they understood the fact that the trade-off is for the sake of winning against terrorism. We should also accept this opportunity cost of anti-terrorism law until we completely get rid of terrorists. So we should not exaggerate the problem of accountability and transparency in that respect. If you see accountability and transparency index of the whole world, you will find Ethiopia is in a much better position than many countries such as Kenya who claim themselves democratic nations.

    Looking at the Corruption Perceptions Index 2012 of the world, it's clear that corruption is a major threat facing humanity. Corruption destroys lives and communities, and undermines countries and institutions. It generates popular anger that threatens to further destabilise societies and exacerbate violent conflicts.

    Corruption translates into human suffering, with poor families being extorted for bribes to see doctors or to get access to clean drinking water. It leads to failure in the delivery of basic services like education or healthcare. It derails the building of essential infrastructure, as corrupt leaders skim funds.

    Corruption amounts to a dirty tax, and the poor and most vulnerable are its primary victims. So, how do we counter the effects of public sector corruption?

    Governments need to integrate anti-corruption actions into all aspects of decision-making. They must prioritise better rules on lobbying and political financing, make public spending and contracting more transparent, and make public bodies more accountable. The Corruption Perceptions Index results demonstrate that there are still many societies and governments that need to give a much higher priority to this issue. So this issue is certainly a global problem which is also continuously addressed by our government.

  19. I think you were very wrong when you characterized the EPRDF members as groups of frustrated, egoistic, uncompromising, and cold-blooded personalities. Also you are dead wrong when you generalized that all government-affiliated people are egoistic, corrupt, ignorant, and abusers. I can see that you need political literacy more than anyone else. You are prescribing for others, but I see that you lack that knowledge and civility in political discourse. Remove a big plank from your eyes so that you can see where the problem lies. Actually, the problem you mentioned is mainly true with some members and sympathizers of the opposition party. The main reason is that the opposition party does not have a specific and measurable vision and program for Ethiopia and its people. It is fragmented and disintegrates very easily as we saw time after time. There is no political maturity and understanding with opposition leaders let alone its members. They are guided whims and instincts and make coalitions for the sake winning election and grabbing power. But, Ethiopians are smart enough to sort between ravenous wolves and the sheep. As a result, they have never succeeded in winning in twenty years and they could not form a viable and formidable party at all. The wine and complain against the ruling regime for their failures and falsely accuse the government of narrowing the political space. They are financed and supported by their constituents and rich Diaspora and yet they have no competitive ideas to sell to the people of Ethiopia. They are untested and inexperienced with incoherent ideas. How can they expect us to vote for them? Besides, they advocate chaos, violence and bloodshed and we are fed up of this method because of our history of wars, backwardness and poverty. So the opposition needs political literacy and must teach its constituency in order to get committed and die hard members. Our people have a great knowledge about politics through our school system which teaches civics, mass media, actual results on the ground and twenty years of campaigning during elections.
    National media can be used by any party, not only the government. The problem with our journalists is that they tread into wrong territory trying to be advocates of a terrorist group which is hell-bent in destroying the fabric of our country. That is the only time they are arrested and tried for their crimes. Besides, there is always freedom of expression and use of media is equally available for all groups or parties to present their views. Government encourages using available media instead of working behind the scenes with ulterior motive of inciting violence. That is against journalistic code of conducts. As I know, journalists are very independent and will take sides, but they can write all views quotes the sources with disclaimer if necessary. So we should not exaggerate as if government has banned opposition from using the media freely.
    You care about quality education. So do every one of us. We are using our available resource at our disposal, be it human or material to make sure our students get quality education. However, if you can volunteer to come and teach or solicit and get better material from other countries for your country, then it would be welcome. Other it would be unfair to criticize the government which is doing all its best. We should appreciate the government for all expansion of schools, colleges and universities in all regions. The next step is to improve its quality from time to time according Kaizen principle. Our government is global leader in education and health efforts and it cannot be criticized by those who are not willing to help or contribute anything at all. We need to hear your actual proposal instead of criticizing in nut shell.

  20. I totally agree with the problems you mentions.
    1. where are the solutions?
    You analysed the problems but did not suggest practical solutions or theories to adopt.
    2. You also did not address causes of these problems.
    Our differences or disagreement starts when you suggest the causes and solutions.
    Thank you for sharing your thoughts.

  21. Having read this I believed it was very informative. I
    appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this short article
    together. I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading and leaving comments.
    But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  22. Most troubling problems in Ethiopia
    1. Governance based on Ethnicity
    2. Inequality
    3. Undermining of national unity
    4. Corruption
    5. Lack of freedom
    6. Lack of democracy

  23. Sad and Shame to witness the suffering of our people on today's Ethiopia "so-called 11% growth""

    With GROSS Human Rights abusive elements on power.

  24. Very balanced and well written article.

    I also agree with the fact that what the Diaspora is conserved of all EPRDF/Woyane “ government-affiliated people are egoistic, corrupt, ignorant, and abusers for the same reason stated in terms of the followings:

    Poor and separate in quality Educational system, (High quality in Tigray and poor for the rest of Ethiopians)

    Land grabbing or stealing from locals by Foreigners and EPRDF regime members

    EPRDF Forcing people out of their land, homes and neighborhoods

    Not being concerned with the land stolen ecological consequences.

    Minority Tigre dominance and lawlessness over the majority

    Minority Tigre exploiting the whole county's wealth

    No land ownership while unjustly the regime claims to own the whole country

    Repressing the majority in freedom, education and opportunity

  25. Ethiopia is the ONLY country in the world begging for stomach on this period of time. Sad!

  26. Hi Abate(PD)!
    Would you please allow me to forward a few comments on your paper "Most troubling facts about Ethiopia"
    First of all, I appreciate your analysis and want involved to read it. Your paper try to approach the assumed fundamental issues of our country. Still I don`t feel comfort that they are given proper weight as an indicator of unhealthy economic situation of a country. In a nut shell, what you have mentioned what yout might call it the outflow of people, especially youngesters from the country could be true, but to be balanced, many things have to be considered. One importnat point is the mangnitude and the second and very important is the trend. How much are you cleared enough with these points in Ethiopia. For sure, the rate is decreasing at increasing rate. Then the question comes, why then it is decreasing? Doesn`t this imply the opportunities to work and earn income have increased domestically as compared in foreign lands. You know this will not happen unless and otherwise the performance of the economy has drastically chanaged. Similarily, this will not happen unless people get betteroff from the fruits of the economy and get the right to exercise their political entities at all political institutions of the country. This is one important point I want to remind you.

    The second important point to consider is by what standard could this be considered as fundamental indicators of the performance of the economy or else the political situation of a country. We know that, regardless of the magnitude, the flow of people from one region to another, especially from Africa to European countries and America, from Asia to European countries and America and nowadays from East Europe is tremendous. The reson for these could be many not one. One could be the political and economic reason and the other, which weighs more is the virtual understanding of the people on Western Countries. Most of the people have misinformed mentality of the West. Let me make it more clear by citing the following example. Ethiopia has population almost double of Ghan. As you may agree, the political and economic situation of the countries is quite different. The two favours Ghan. On other side, when we consider the flow of youngesters to Eurpoean countries, proportionally as compared to Ethiopia is much higher in Ghan.
    The third important point is our country`s economy is an emerging economy with an emerging political situation. What does these mean to employment, migration, institutional development and others. I think these will also have an emerging pattern with certain fundamental limiations that inherits certain chacrteristics of the previous Regim. But here in your analysis, I don´t know why you are trying to bold the whole at the expense of the spaces in between? Thus why I said this could blurred the essence to visualize in its real form.

  27. Lovely message!
    Abate(PD), I beg you pardon to give me attention, I appreciate your devotion and fully involvement at the poltical situation of our country. I hope this pace will contitune, especially now. But one important thing need to mention is that the political and economic situation of our country, by what you might call it the signals of an economic healthy, is changing. As you know our country is a peasnt country that comprises over 80% of the population. By any economic measurement, the real life of these people is changing. The barren land scape of the country has become green. This is one important asset we deserve it. The second is people have now realized the importance of organization, work and get rich. The third is awareness towards managing their own resources efficiently, handling their own institutional affairs and their work habit have drastically changed. Imagine how the small scale enterprises are organized and deeply involved in production and servies provosion. And imagine how the economy is linked -agriculture with industry and industry with service provision. Of these most important is the humane resource development scheme. it is highly deeply rooted and diversified. Mind you, all these are targeted to lower strata of the society with strong and commited developmental state. Then comes, if these are the accepted norms of the development, then through time what fundamental leaps could be dreamed from these emerging but linked entities in the near future?
    As an intellectual of the people, I urge you to cultivate your mind more at the fruits of these developments. Another important point is unless and otherwise you distance yourself from the evils of these Diaspora, you will not be able to see the real fruits of the people. It is 100% clear that with this political understanding and hatred of these `Gangs´ nothing will come out except confusing entities of this area. Therefore, I don´t want you to be a subset of these confused circles.
    I thank you

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