Brain drain designates the international transfer of human capital from developing to developed countries due to ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors. In Africa, where starvation is pervasive, the economy is staggeringly poor, and development is at its inception, the flight of its limited human capital is even much more worrisome. Since 1990, the continent loses 20,000 professionals annually and currently, over 40,000 of its PhD holders are living overseas. Moreover, 50% of all medical doctors trained inTo download the paper, click the link below and enter the code you are to be provided by the system.
leave the continent. This has serious socio-economic ramifications.
For instance, Africa spends over $4 billion USD a year to employ expatriates to
fill vacant positions.